Summary Guidelines

These guidelines for writing summaries have to be followed strictly by all volunteers and moderators. When rejecting a submission, a moderator includes a comment with the reason for the rejection and which guideline was not followed.

We always try to improve how we work together at Newsvoice, you can propose changes to the guidelines here.

  1. Highlight essentials and check facts. Scan the articles you are summarizing carefully. Highlight the points you think are essential for the readers. Make sure that the facts are correct.

  2. Summary should be longer than title. The summary has to provide more information and be substantially longer than the headline.

  3. Use correct spelling and grammar. Make sure that the spelling and grammar is correct.

  4. Avoid bias. Keep your summary short, sharp and unbiased. Your summary should emphasize objectivity. Try to think of the "4 Ws": who, what, when and where.

  5. Use simple language. Use language that is understandable for the whole community. Keep it simple, spell out acronyms and avoid or - if not possible - explain jargon. Newsvoice aims to be accessible to everyone. Some acronyms might be allowed if they are widely known (eg. WHO, UN).

  6. Refer to original study. When summarizing an article based on a study, always refer to the original study.

  7. Don't include opinion. Don't include your own opinion or analysis of the original article.

  8. Avoid quotations. Avoid using direct quotations if unnecessary.

  9. Avoid repetitions. Avoid repetitions in the summary.

  10. Do not copy-paste. Rephrase instead of copy-pasting. If you have difficulties using your own words, try to write short phrases instead of long, complex sentences.

  11. Avoid question and exclamation marks. Avoid question or exclamation marks unless absolutely necessary, for example if they are part of a quote.

  12. Be gentle with punctuation. Be gentle with punctuation marks. For example, don't use a semicolon (also known as ";") if you can say the same thing using a comma, dash, period or - even better - nothing at all.

  13. Don't capitalize every word. Only use capital letters in the title to start off a sentence or when writing names.

  14. Avoid describing type of media. Avoid describing the type of media in the title. For instance, do not refer to live coverage or videos.

  15. Keep impersonal. Keep your summary impersonal. Don't write in first or second person.

  16. Summary already exists. There is already an existing summary and the proposed summary isn't significantly better.